1.31 – Slavery in Africa, Asia, and the Mediterranean

Readings

Drescher, Abolition, 7-8, 11-12, 16-22, 24-25, 27-34 (repeating some pages, skim what you have already read)

William Gervase Clarence-Smith, Islam and Slavery, 1-3

Zayde Antrim, “Confronting the Legacy of the African Slave Trade”

donald-wright-slavery-in-africa(first half)

You are welcome to conduct additional research to answer the discussion questions.

Discussion questions

I will lecture briefly on slavery in China and South Asia, but most of the class period will focus on slavery in the Middle East, Mediterranean, and sub-Saharan Africa.

[1] How did people become enslaved in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa?

[2] What economic functions did slaves serve in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa?

[3] According to Islamic religious thought, who could be legitimately enslaved? Did Muslim slave traders/owners always follow those instructions?

[4] How did Islamic religious instructions influence the treatment of slaves?

[5] In your view, is it accurate to say that slavery was relatively mild in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East?

Optional essay question for extra credit (see syllabus for details):

What are the most important factors that made slavery so widespread in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa from the 7th century through the 18th century?

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