Drescher, Abolition, 7-8, 11-12, 16-22, 24-25, 27-34 (repeating some pages, skim what you have already read)
William Gervase Clarence-Smith, Islam and Slavery, 1-3
Zayde Antrim, “Confronting the Legacy of the African Slave Trade”
You are welcome to conduct additional research to answer the discussion questions.
I will lecture briefly on slavery in China and South Asia, but most of the class period will focus on slavery in the Middle East, Mediterranean, and sub-Saharan Africa.
 How did people become enslaved in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa?
 What economic functions did slaves serve in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa?
 According to Islamic religious thought, who could be legitimately enslaved? Did Muslim slave traders/owners always follow those instructions?
 How did Islamic religious instructions influence the treatment of slaves?
 In your view, is it accurate to say that slavery was relatively mild in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East?
Optional essay question for extra credit (see syllabus for details):
What are the most important factors that made slavery so widespread in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa from the 7th century through the 18th century?